Laboratory tests are used in various stages of the diagnostic process in all fields of clinical medicine, being along with imaging studies, electrophysiological and other procedures the main source of information on the health status of the patient. It is estimated that laboratory results can be the basis of 60% -70% of medical decisions (2010), today even more. In addition to routine diagnostics in symptomatic patients, laboratory tests are used for screening, treatment monitoring and medical jurisprudence. Thus, laboratory diagnostics generating around 10% of all healthcare costs is crucial for the healthcare decision-making process, contributing to improved outcomes and cost savings .
Laboratory medicine as a profession and clinical science